What is Chhath Puja?
An old Hindu celebration, devoted to Ruler Surya and Chhathi Maiya (known to be the sister of Surya), Chhath Puja is one of a kind to the conditions of Bihar, Jharkhand, Eastern Uttar Pradesh and the nation of Nepal. It is the main Vedic celebration that is devoted to the Sun God, who should be the wellspring all things considered and Chhathi Maiya (another name for Goddess Usha from the Vedic time frame). The divine force of light, vitality and life power is venerated so as to advance prosperity, improvement and the thriving of individuals. Through this celebration, people aim towards expressing gratitude toward the Sun God for a time of four days. The enthusiasts who watch the quick during this celebration are called Vrati.
Chhath Puja 2019 Dates
Traditionally, this celebration is praised two times per year, once in the summers and the second time during the winters. The Karthik Chhath is commended during the long stretch of October or November and it is performed on Kartika Shukla Shashti which is the 6th day of the period of Karthika as per the Hindu Schedule. Celebrated on the sixth Day after Diwali, another significant Hindu celebration, it for the most part falls during the long stretch of October-November.
It is additionally praised during the summers and that is ordinarily known as Chaiti Chhath. This is commended a couple of days after Holi.
The Chhath Puja is being celebrated over four days this year, from 31st October to 3 November 2019, with Surya Shashthi (main day) falling on 3 November 2019.
|Thursday||31 October 2019||Nahay-Khay|
|Friday||1 November 2019||Lohanda and Kharna|
|Saturday||2 November 2019||Sandhya Argh|
|Sunday||3 November 2019||Suryodaya/Usha Argh and Paran|
Why is the festival named ‘Chhath’?
The significance of the word Chhath is six in Nepali or Hindi Language and as this celebration is commended on the 6th day of the long stretch of Karthika, the celebration is named the equivalent.
Why is Chhath Puja celebrated?
There are many stories that go back to the birthplace of Chhath Puja. It is expected that in the antiquated occasions, Chhath Puja was commended by Draupadi and the Pandavas of Hastinapur so as to take care of their issues and recapture their lost kingdom. The mantras from the Apparatus Veda writings are recited while loving the sun. Supposedly by, this Puja was first begun by Surya Putra Karna who led over the Anga Desh (Bhagalpur in Bihar) during the period of Mahabharata. The logical history or rather the yogic history goes back to the Early Vedic Period. Legend says that the sages and rishis of that period utilized this strategy so as to limit from any outer methods for nourishment and addition vitality legitimately from the beams of the sun.
The Rituals of Chhath Puja
Chhathi Maiya, regularly known as Usha is the goddess revered in this Puja. The Chhath celebration includes a few ceremonies, which are impressively harsher when contrasted with other Hindu celebrations. These normally include taking dunks in waterways or water bodies, exacting fasting (one can’t savor water the whole procedure of fasting), standing and offering supplications in water, confronting the sun for extensive stretches and furthermore offering prashad to the sun at sunrise and sunset.
On the first day of the Puja, the devotees have to take a dip in the holy river and cook a proper meal for themselves. Kaddu Bhaat along with Channa dal is a common preparation on this day and it is cooked by using mud or bronze utensils and mango wood over a mud stove. The ladies observing the fast can allow themselves only one meal on this day.
Lohanda and Kharna
On the second day, the enthusiasts are to watch a quick for the whole day, which they can break only some time after nightfall. The Parvaitins cook the entire Prasad all alone which incorporate kheer and chapattis and they break their quick with this Prasad, after which they need to quick without water for 36 hours.
The third day is spent by setting up the Prasad at home and after that at night, the whole family unit of the Vratins go with them to the stream bank, where they make contributions to the setting sun. The females for the most part wear sarees of turmeric yellow shading while at the same time making their contributions. The nighttimes are made far and away superior with the energetic society melodies.
Here, on the last day, every one of the enthusiasts go to the riverbank before dawn to make contributions to the rising sun. This celebration closes when the Vratins break their 36 hours quick (called Paran) and the relatives approach their home to have a lot of Prasad.
Food During Chhath Puja
The Chhath Prasad is customarily arranged with rice, wheat, dry natural products, crisp organic products, nuts, jaggery, coconut and parts and heaps of ghee. One significant thing in regards to the dinners arranged during Chhath is that they are arranged totally without salt, onion and garlic.
Thekua is a special part of the Chhath Puja and it is basically a cookie made with whole wheat flour which you must surely try if you visit the place during the festival.
The Significance of the Chhath Puja
Apart from religious significance, there are a great deal of logical certainties connected to these ceremonies. The fans by and large supplicate at the riverbank during dawn or nightfall and it is deductively supported up with the way that, the sun oriented vitality has the most minimal degree of the Bright radiations during these two timings and it is extremely gainful for the body. This conventional celebration showers upon you inspiration and aides in detoxifying your psyche, soul and body. It expels all the negative energies in your body by loving the amazing sun.